Fire Assay / Cupellation: Basic Information

 

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1.  Gold
Analysis
Terminology

(Multilingual)

TECHNICAL VOCABULARY ( English, German; Dutch, French; Italian, Spanish, Russian )
◊ GOLD  DETERMINATION - Cupellation                         ISO 11426    ASTM E1335-08
◊ FIRE ASSAY: Minerals - Concentrates - Residues        ISO 10378    ASTM E1805-07
◊ REAGENTS - Fluxes - Apparatus
◊ Other GOLD ASSAY METHODS
◊ PRECIOUS METALS - Its Alloys - Base Metals


Terms 1
Terms 2
Terms 3
Terms 4
Terms 5

2. Essential
Fire Assay
 Terms


as used in
Texbooks

MEANINGS & CLUES of most Essential Fire Assay Terms
  Assay ton
  Blank Assay - Blank Test
  Cupelation Steps: Driving - Freezing - Opening (uncovering) - Blink - Flash - Scintillation
  Feathers
  Matte - Speiss - Regulus
  Play of colours - Brightening
  Spit - Spitting - (at beginning of Cupellation)
  Spit - Spitting  - Sprout - "Sprouting"  - Spurting-  Vegetation (at end of Cupellation)
  Surcharge - Check Proof - Standard
  Inquart
  Hallmark - Microcupellation
  Cupel behaviour


A. T.
Blank
Steps
Feather
Matte
Play
Spit
Spurt
Charge
Inquart
Hmark
Cupel

3.     Fire Assay

Bibliography:

Important
Articles
     &
Papers

(free download)

ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF GOLD ( Articles & Papers ):

Articles from Word Gold Council (WGC)

◊ Assaying of Gold Jewellery - Review of Methods for Measuring Gold Content

◊ Gold Analysis - Comparisons of available Techniques

Articles from  ►"Gold Technology"  Magazine (WGC)

◊ "Assaying of Gold Jewel. - Choice of Technique" (GT, nº 32, 2001)        Dr. C. W. Corti

◊ "Analysis of Carat Gold"                         (GT, nº 22, Jul. 1997)                                M. Brill

◊ "Assaying and Hallmarking in London" (GT, nº 3, Jan 1991)                       D. W. Evans

◊ "Assaying Gold in Switzerland"               (GT, nº 3, Jan 1991)         Wälchi / Vuilleumier

◊ "Touchstone Testing of Precious Metals" (GT, nº 3, Jan 1991)       Wälchi / Vuilleumier

Articles from ►"Gold Bulletin" Journal (WGC)

◊ "Analysis of Gold. A Review of Methods"      (GB, Vol. 13, issue 1)      Roland S. Young

Articles from the ►"Alchemist" Journal , (LBMA)

◊ "The Art & Science of a Precious Metal Lab."   (Alch., nº 48, LBMA)              David Court

Articles from "Pure & Applied Chemistry" Magazine"

◊ "Analytical Chemistry of Noble Metals" (Pure & Appl. Chem., Vol. 49) Dr. Jon Cl. van Loon

4.     Fire Assay
Bibliography:
Textbooks

► Internet Archive
►I. A.

REFERENCE BOOKS - Free download  Internet Archive  (I.A.) ►Bewster Kahle
"A Textbook on Fire Assay"                                                                      Edward E. Bugbee
"Fire Assaying"                                                  Orson C. Shepard & Waldemar F. Dietrich
"A Manual on Fire Assaying"                                                            Charles Herman Fulton
"The Sampling and Assay of the Precious Metals"                                 Ernest Alfred Smith
"Metallurgy of Gold"                                                                                      Thomas K. Rose
"The Precious Metals
: comprising Gold, Silver and Platinum"                     Thomas K. Rose
"A Text Book of Assaying"                                                         C. Beringer & J. J. Beringer


Bugbee
Shepard
Fulton
Smith
Rose1
Rose2
Beringer

5.     Assay
Beauties:
Woodcuts
 & Texts
 & Poems

(free download)

FOUNDATION STONES OF MODERN METALLURGY:
◊ "Das große Probierbuch", (Frankfurt am Main, 1598)   Lazarus Ercker von Schreckenfels
◊ "De Re Metallica", (Basel, 1556)                                                       Georg Bauer "Agricola"
◊ "De la Pirotechnia", (Venezia, 1540)                                                 Vannoccio Biringuccio
◊ "Quilatador de la Plata, Oro y Piedras", (Valladolid, 1572)           Juan de Arfe y Villafante
◊ "
Alchemy, Chemistry & Metallurgy in Renaissance Europe"  Martinón-Torres & Rehren
"Lo Canviador" - "The Exchanger" (c. 1420) - >Rialc - Unina           Jordi de Sant Jordi


Ercker
Bauer
Biring.
Arfe
Martin.
StJordi

 

 

 

 

 


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